Island Orthotics

Plantar Fasciitis

Learn how to manage your Plantar Fasciitis condition

Management of Plantar Fasciitis

Custom and prefabricated foot orthoses available for fitting
Plantar fasciitis is probably the most common foot condition that we treat at Island Orthotics Inc.. It is simply an overuse condition that is unfortunately occurring in your foot. Meaning if you had a similar overuse condition in your index finger you could simply splint that finger for a week or so thereby decreasing its use and the overuse pain would more than likely settle out. Unfortunately with this overuse condition occurring in your foot there is little to no opportunity for the average individual to splint that foot or not use it for a week without greatly upsetting their daily life.

Therefore the next best thing that you can do is to get properly fitted foot orthoses to decrease the traction pull of the plantar fascia while going about your day.

Common Causes:

The plantar fascia is a wide, thick, flat band of fibrous connective tissue that runs from the heel to the ball of the foot and serves to support the longitudinal arch and transmit weight across the foot when walking or running. It is subjected to enormous stress at every step and although it is tough and elastic, it is vulnerable to damage. When the plantar fascia is injured it can become inflamed and painful, the condition known as plantar fasciitis. Plantar fasciitis is a common condition, often caused by overuse.

  • A rapid increase in weight, which places extra stress on the plantar fascia.
  • Wearing poorly fitting shoes that do not support the foot properly.
  • Arthritis
  • Diabetes
  • Structural abnormaulties of the foot such as flat feet, over-pronation, or high arches
  • Tight calf muscles or tight Achilles tendons.
  • Biomechanical factors such as an unusual way the foot strikes the ground
  • Pregnancy: during pregnancy hormonal changes cause ulgaments to soften. There is also additional body weight adding to stress on the plantar fascia
  • Occupational factors such as a job that requires standing for long periods

Pain from plantar fasciitis is usually felt near the point where the ligament attaches to the calcaneus (the heel bone) and is often described as an aching, shooting or burning sensation. Overnight the discomfort tends to lessen but, on first stepping onto the foot in the morning, the tight plantar fascia is again stretched and the pain can be quite severe. With gentle use the tissues of the ligament warm up and symptoms diminish, although the pain is likely to return with standing, walking, running, climbing stairs, or other physical activity, or after a period of resting.

Orthosis Function:

Treatment of plantar fasciitis is conservative (non-surgical). It takes the majority if not all of the following recommendations to achieve healing in the plantar fascia considering you aggravate the problem with every step. Patience is a necessity as it will probably take several months to fully recover. Typical measures include:

  • Rest: Avoiding activity that triggers pain will allow the ligament to rest and the tissues to begin healing.
  • Ice: Rolling the sole of the foot over a frozen bottle of water, will help to reduce swelling and pain.
  • Footwear: Change your shoes to ones with good supportive arches and avoid walking barefoot, especially on hard surfaces.
  • Foot orthotics: The most common cause of plantar fasciitis is pronation or arch collapse. Foot orthoses control the excessive arch collapse providing support to the injured plantarfascia while you are standing.
  • Night splint: Wearing a splint during the night keeps the ligament stretched so that it does not tighten up and cause pain when first stepping on the foot in the morning.
  • Maintain a healthy weight to avoid adding stress to the ligament

Suffering From Foot Pain?

If you're suffering from pain in your feet, we offer service options that relieve common pain associated with:
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Metatarsalgia
  • Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction (PTTD)
  • Bunion and Bunionette Management
  • Hammar Toe
  • Sesamoiditis
  • Plantar Ulcerations
  • Diabetic Footcare

Treatment Guide

Experiencing other joint pain? use our treatment guide to explore other bracing options that we offer.
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